Enter the researcher
Who makes the story? Studying the human experiences lived over time is part of the historian's work.
The historian's work is very thought-provoking, as it deals with themes and subjects related to events that, for the most part, occurred long before his birth and his role is to interpret historical events.
Without events the historian cannot produce knowledge; without the historian, events would have no life.
We say that historical events are the events, opinions, thoughts, and social movements that have produced effects and brought about change, whether or not they are important at some point in the past, in the life of a group or a people.
The events are "products" social "manufactured" by humans who dreamed, thought and acted. It is the historian to analyze these "social products" and build their interpretation of the historical moment we are searching.
Archaeological Site in Egypt
However, it is impossible for a historian to be able to evaluate, discuss, understand and explain all the events, feelings and thoughts that contributed to a given event.
Thus, the historian chooses, according to the purpose of his research, the aspects he will study, the sources he will analyze, the opinions he intends to discuss, the feelings he deems most important.
As a detective, the historian analyzes an event from historical sources, accepts or rejects existing interpretations, collects testimonials, and comes to a conclusion.
Below is an example of question sequences that the historian follows in his work:
1. What document will you work with?
2. What does this document tell us?
3. How do you say it?
4. Who did it?
5. When did you do it?
6. In whose name did you do it?
7. For what purpose did it do?
8. What is the relation of the document, at the moment of its production, to the broader reality to which the historian wants to arrive?
Techniques, fact sheets, interviews, questions, data cataloging, among others give security to perform the work of the historian scientifically. The methods are guidelines he follows in the stages of his research, of his investigation.
Remember, no historical event has total purity. The record of events reflects always, in one way or another, opinion, thought, and to the interests of the one who made notes about what he saw, heard or experienced.
To understand and explain the events, the historian will always interpreting them or reinterpreting them, taking as a starting point his way to see the society and history itself. When, for example, we read a historical work, it is as if we are hearing the voice of the historian who wrote it.