The story

List of the main facts that marked the history of Brazil (continued)

List of the main facts that marked the history of Brazil (continued)



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Brazil Republic

1889 - Proclamation of the Republic. Ban of the Imperial Family and formation of a Provisional Government headed by Deodoro.
- First measures of the new government: modification of the National Flag, freedom of cults, separation of church and state, creation of the Civil Registry and secularization of cemeteries.

1890 - Encilling: financial crisis caused by Finance Minister Rui Barbosa.

1891 - Promulgated the first Constitution of the Republic. Deodoro is elected President of the Republic by the National Congress and Floriano Peixoto Vice. Coup d'etat. Deodoro resigns after a series of frictions with Congress and a failed coup attempt. Floriano (the "Iron Marshal") takes over the head of the state.

1893 - The Federalist Revolution begins in Rio Grande do Sul, extending to Santa Catarina and Paraná.

1893 - Armada Uprising in Rio de Janeiro, with the participation of royalists. When they leave Guanabara Bay, the Armada rebels join the federalists in the South.

1894 -End of the Republic of the Sword (1889/94) and the beginning of the Republic of Oligarchies (1894/1930).
- Election of the civil Prudente de Morais for the Presidency of the Republic.

1897 - Prudente de Moraes suffers an attack. The Canudos camp is destroyed by federal troops.

1898 - Elected President of the Campos Sales Republic, creator of the “Coffee-with-Milk Policy” and the “Governors Policy”.

1903 - Revolt in Acre against Bolivia. Placido de Castro proclaims the independence of the state and months later the territory is annexed to Brazil.

1903 - “Vaccine Uprising” in Rio de Janeiro, also involving popular dissatisfaction with poor living conditions and high prices.

1906 - The Taubaté Agreement proposes solutions to the coffee overproduction crisis. State governments should buy and stock surplus production.

1907 - Congress approves the Law of Repression of Anarchism, authorizing the deportation of foreigners linked to the labor movement.

1908 - Creation of the Brazilian Workers Confederation. The first Japanese immigrants arrive in Brazil.

1909 - Death of Afonso Pena. Vice Nilo Peçanha takes over the Presidency. - Presidential candidacy of Marshal Hermes da Fonseca and breaking of the “Coffee-with-Milk Policy”.

1910 - Hermes da Fonseca is elected president and Wenceslas Brás deputy.
- Chibata Uprising, claiming better conditions for Navy sailors.
- Creation of the Indian Protection Service (currently FUNAI), headed by then Major Cândido Rondon.

1912 - Contest Campaign: destruction by the Army of the messianic nuclei installed in the region of the border between Paraná and Santa Catarina.

1914 - Conflict in Ceará against the government of Franco Rabelo. Jagunços commanded by Father Cicero and Floro Bartolomeu occupy Vale do Cariri.

1915 - Anarchists organize National Peace Congress to Protest against World War I.

1916 - Founded the National Defense League. End of the Contested War.

1917 - General strike paralyzes the city of São Paulo, German ships torpedo Brazilian ships. In retaliation, Brazil enters the war.

1918 - Presidential elections. Rodrigues Alves is elected president and Delfim Moura, vice. Spanish flu spreads through Sao Paulo and other regions of the country.

1920 - Conflict in Bahia. Federal intervention is enacted.

1922 - Copacabana Fort Revolt (The 18 of the Fort), being the first revolt of the tenentista movement.
- The Modern Art Week is held in São Paulo.
- Founding of the Communist Party of Brazil (PCB), improperly known as the “Brazilian Communist Party” (denomination made official only in the late 1950's).

1923 - Crisis in the state of Rio de Janeiro. Federal Intervention.

1924 - Another São Paulo revolt against the federal government erupts in São Paulo. The Prestes Column begins.

1926 - Creation of the Democratic Party in São Paulo.

1927 - Instituted the female vote in Rio Grande do Norte.

1928 - Foundation of the Center of Industries of the State of São Paulo (CIESP).

1929 - Getúlio Vargas candidacy launched.

1930 - Begins in Rio Grande do Sul and in the northeast the Revolution of 1930, ending the First Republic (or Republic of Oligarchies) and beginning of the Vargas Era.

1931 - The Ministry of Labor, Industry and Commerce is created. The promulgation of social laws begins.

1932 - New Electoral Code establishes the secret ballot and the right of women to vote and to be voted.
- The São Paulo Constitutionalist Revolution begins: an armed movement with the objective of
hasten the reconstitutionalization of the country (attempt by the paulista oligarchy to regain power).

1933 - National Constituent Assembly installed, elected by secret ballot and with the participation of the female electorate.

1934 - The second Constitution of the Republic is enacted, which incorporates labor legislation and recent electoral improvements; creation of the “class deputies” (20% of the total).
- Vargas is indirectly elected to the Presidency of the Republic, with a four-year term.