The story

Characters of the ragamuffin Revolution (continued)


Marshal Bento Manoel Ribeiro (1783-1855)

One of the most controversial figures of the Farroupilha Revolution, Bento Manoel Ribeiro, could be considered the turncoat prototype. It began alongside the Revolution, came to support the Empire, returned to the Revolution, and ended up defending the Empire and helping Caxias end the war. However, despite the character flaws that the opponents (always temporary, since their next move was never known) might point out to him, his merit was always recognized by all: he was a great fighter.

Born in Sorocaba (São Paulo) in 1783, Bento Manoel came to Rio Grande at the age of five. In the late eighteenth century he enlisted as a soldier in the Rio Pardo militia regiment, and in 1823 came to colonel. As a reward for his achievements, he received large tracts of land in the region of Alegrete.

When the Revolution began, he took an active part in the overthrow of the provincial government in September 1835. But in December of that same year, he joined the legalistic cause when his cousin Araújo Ribeiro was appointed president of the province by the central government. He then became the first legalistic hero, winning the Battle of Fanfa and arresting Bento Gonçalves and other ragged leaders in October 1836.

In 1837, after his cousin was exonerated for the second time from the provincial presidency, he again became a rag. And, among other exploits, he even arrested, near Caçapva, the new provincial president, Antero José Ferreira de Brito, who was later exchanged by Colonel Farrapo Sarmento Mena. It also defeated the legalists in Rio Pardo, giving conditions for the rags to again besiege Porto Alegre.

After two years, Bento Manoel resigned from his post, according to some seduced by the imperial government, which proposed to him to conserve the lands he had acquired from the legalists as long as he remained neutral. And so it remained until 1842, when, at the invitation of Baron de Caxias, he returned to fight in the imperial troops, helping to end the Revolution.

General David Martins Canabarro (1796-1867)

It was born on August 22, 1796, in Pinheiros, near Taquari, a village that had originated, during the war 1764-76, from a settlement under the protection of the raised Tebiquari Fort, destined to stop, at that point, the strategic direction Rio -Pardo, Taquari, Porto Alegre. He was descended from Azorean immigrants from Terceira Island.

He provided military services, from militia soldier to brigadier of the Imperial Army, Integrity and Sovereignty of Portugal and then of Brazil, in the South, in the wars of 1811-12, pacifier of the Eastern Band; 1816 and 1821, against Artigas; Cisplatin War 1825-28; war against Oribe and Roses 1851-52; war against Aguirre 1864 and the beginning of the war of Paraguay 1865-67, against the Paraguayan invasion of Rio Grande do Sul and the mobilization of the 3rd Army Corps by General Osorio.

In the Republic of Rio Grande, which he joined after being proclaimed, he rose by his merits and remarkable military value, from Lieutenant Colonel Commander-in-Chief to the rank of General of the Republic and Commander-in-Chief of his Army in the final phase until pacification in D. Pedrito present, March 1, 1845.

Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807-1882)

Italian revolutionary politician and military man born in Nice (4/7/1807), at the time belonging to Italy, in a family of fishermen. He begins working as a sailor and, between 1833 and 1834, serves in the Navy of the King of Piedmont. There, it is influenced by Giuseppe Mazzini, leader of the Risorgimento, Italy's nationalist unification movement, then divided into several absolutist states. In 1834 leads a conspiracy in Genoa, with the support of Mazzini. Defeated, he is forced into exile in Marseilles (1834), from there to Rio de Janeiro, arriving (1835) and, in 1836, to Rio Grande do Sul, where he fights alongside the rags in the Farrapos Revolt and becomes master in guerrilla warfare.

Three years later, he goes to Santa Catarina to help the farroupilhas to conquer Laguna. There she meets Ana Maria Ribeiro da Silva, known as Anita Garibaldi, who leaves her husband to follow him. Anita stood out for her bravery by participating alongside him in campaigns in Brazil, Uruguay and Europe. It directed the defenses of Montevideo (1841) against the incursions of Oribe, former president of the Republic, then in the service of Rosas, the dictator of Argentina. He returned to Italy (1847) and joined the troops of the Pope and King Carlos Alberto. He returned to Italy (1848) to fight for his country's independence against the Austrians.

Defeated, persecuted and imprisoned, he also lost his companion Anita (1849), killed in battle. He took refuge for five years in the United States and then in Peru, until returning to Europe (1854). In a new war against Austria (1859), he assumed the post of major general and directed the campaign that ended with the annexation of Lombardy by Piedmont.
He commanded famous red shirts (1860-1861) which using guerrilla tactics learned in South America, conquered Sicily and later the kingdom of Naples, until then under the rule of the Bourbons. He also conquered Umbria and Marche and the southern kingdom of the Two Sicilies, but renounced the conquered territories, yielding them to the king of Piedmont, Victor Emmanuel II. He led a new expedition against the Austrian forces (1862) and then directed his troops against the Pontifical States, convinced that Rome should be the capital of the newly created Italian state.
In the battle of Aspromonte was wounded and imprisoned, but soon released. He participated after the expedition for the annexation of Venice. In his last campaign, he fought alongside the French (1870-1871) in the Franco-Prussian War. Participated in the battle of Nuits-Saint-Georges and the liberation of Dijon. On his military merits he was elected a member of the French National Assembly in Bordeaux, but returned to Italy was elected deputy in the Italian Parliament in 1874 and receives a lifetime pension for services rendered to the nation. Dies in Capri on June 2, 1882.