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Most of the Egyptian population lived in small huts made of reed, wood, and clay. The houses were built in the highest places, so as not to be hit by flooding. These houses, in addition to providing shelter on cold nights, protected from sandstorms. In hot weather, families sought higher places for fresh air and to escape the hustle and bustle of homes.
The peasant house was simple, usually one-roomed and almost unfurnished. The peasants had only a few mats, some kitchen utensils, and some pots. Since there were no cutlery, people ate with their hands.
The houses of the richest Egyptians were comfortable. Made of sun-dried clay bricks, they were well decorated and furnished. They had beds, tables, chairs, and the benches had leather or straw seats. Even the houses of some artisans, who were not rich, were far better than the houses of the peasants.
The food of the Egyptians consisted of bread, onions, garlic, broad beans, lentils, radishes, cucumbers, and sometimes fish. This diet was watered by unfermented beer. The poor only ate meat and fruits on holidays. The wine only appeared on the table of the rich, who, besides the mentioned foods, consumed fruits, cheeses and meat of domestic and wild animals.
In their hunting and fishing activities on the Nile, the Egyptians sailed in small and fragile vessels made of bundled papyrus bundles. The fishermen worked in groups and used huge nets. The nobles, however, fished only for fun with the aid of spears.
The peasants and artisans dressed only in a piece of cloth, loosely shaped around their waist. The women wore a long tunic and the boys usually walked naked. The rich wore finer attire. The nobles, for example, wore a pleated petticoat and their women, dresses embroidered with beads.
At the ceremonies, both men and women wore heavy wigs. In addition, regardless of age or gender, Egyptians liked to wear lots of jewelry - tiaras, earrings, necklaces, rings, bracelets and bracelets. These could be gold, silver, semiprecious stones, glass beads, shells or small polished stones of beautiful colors.
The Egyptians still had their games and amusements. Young nobles, for example, used to go in horse-drawn carts to go fishing, catch birds, or hunt hippos and crocodiles.
Fighting and swimming were the most popular sports. The boatmen used to form teams and do competitions on the river. On these occasions they were armed with sticks to knock their opponents into the water.
The Egyptians were very fond of board games. These games resembled the chess and checkers games we know today.
Egyptian children also had their games and toys. They enjoyed dancing, playing team games, and playing with dolls and balls.
The tomb reliefs and paintings provide immense and important material for studying the daily life of Egyptian friends. Although the great tombs belonged only to the members of the richest social groups, some scenes inside allow us to take a look at the daily lives of a large part of the population.
The information conveyed by these scenes may be supplemented by everyday objects that were often buried with their owners. Literary and administrative texts are also important.
Thus, it is possible to know a little about the role of women in Ancient Egypt by analyzing the decoration of the tombs. In these scenes, the wife or mother of the tomb owner is most prominent. In general, they are both simply but elegantly dressed, sitting comfortably with the man at the offering table. Sometimes they accompany the man when he watches work scenes.
At the other extreme, we find women engaged in menial work, making bread and beer, spinning or weaving. These are activities that are probably done in the home quarters of a richer home.
The yellowish color of women's skin indicates, among other things, less sun exposure than men's, which are more reddish in appearance. This suggests a greater seclusion of the woman.
It might not be safe for them to venture outside. A text by Ramses III states: "I have made it possible for the Egyptian woman to go her way, and her travels may be extended as long as she wants without any other assailant on the road," which implies that this was not always the case. .
In older tombs women are absent from the most prominent works and the most enjoyable amusements. Apart from the scenes of instrument players and acrobatic dancers, the role of women in this period seems to have been very restricted.
The women had no important titles and, with the exception of some royals and queens, had little political power.
Their title was usually that of lady of the house. Almost all were illiterate.