A native of Florence, Dante Alighieri (1265-1321) wrote in Latin and also in the dialect of his region, the Tuscan. His most important work is the Divine Comedy, a long epic poem recounting his journey through hell, purgatory and paradise.
Although the central theme is religious, the text of the Divine Comedy already shows signs of change. In his epic voyage, Dante is guided by Virgil, a poet of Latin antiquity, and writes the poem in the style that characterized Greco-Roman literature.
Illustration for Dante Alighieri's book Divine Comedy by Gustave Doré in the 19th century
Throughout the text, Dante shows great concern about the human condition and what would have led the characters to occupy hell, purgatory and paradise. Therefore, Dante represents the innovative spirit, still bound to religious traditions, but heralding new times.