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Asia is home to more than half of the total population of the planet, concentrating mainly on the great plains of China, the Ganges valley, the Deccan coasts, Japan, the Mekong delta and Java, while the mountainous areas and regions. cold and deserted are almost unpopulated.
The unequal distribution of population is reflected in demographic density indices, which in the late twentieth century approached 800 inhabitants per km2 in the valleys of monsoon Asia, by contrast, they were only four per square kilometer in Siberia and the deserts of central Asia.
Despite the birth control programs adopted by various governments (Japan, China, South Korea, India), the annual birth rate is high (on average 3%), while the mortality rate tends to decrease due to improved conditions. Social
Most of the Asian population lives in the countryside, but migration to large cities is increasingly manifest. The largest urban areas are in the Middle East, India, China and Japan. Throughout its history, Asia has experienced numerous migratory movements, led by various peoples, mostly from the central areas of the continent and directed towards the south. south and west.
Over the course of the twentieth century, overpopulation and wars caused major migrations from Asia from the monsoon to other continents. On the other hand, the constitution of the State of Israel in 1948 determined the influx to the new country of approximately 1,500,000 Jews from Europe and America.
In Asia there are three large ethnic groups - Caucasian (white), Mongoloid (yellow) and Negroid or melanoid - which are divided into numerous subgroups resulting from miscegenations and contacts throughout history. The white race is mainly represented in the Middle East (Semites), Iran and India (Indo-Europeans).
Yellow people occupy northern and eastern Asia, while the Negroid population mingles with other races in southern India and Southeast Asia.
The most important language groups on the Asian continent are Slavic (Russian, expanding into Siberia), Japanese, Korean, Semitic languages (Arabic in the Arabian peninsula and the Middle East, Hebrew in Israel), Iranian (Iran, Afghanistan, Turkey, Tajikistan), the Indo-Aryan languages of Hindustan (Hindi, Urdu, Bengali, Nepalese, etc.), Dravidic from South India, Altaic (Turkish, Manchu, Mongolian), Sino-Tibetan (Tibetan- Burmese, Chinese), Malay-Polynesian (Malay, Polynesian, Japanese, Tagal or Tagalog, etc.), Caucasian (Georgian), Tai or Thai (Tai, Siamese, and Laotian), and Austro-Asian (Khmer, Vietnamese, etc).
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