The story

Relief VI AH-1 - History


Relief VI

(AH-1: dp. 10,112; 1. 483'10"; b. 61'; dr. 19'6"; s. 16 k.;
cpl. 375)

The sixth Relief (AH-1) the first ship of the U.S. Navy designed and built from the Leel up as a hospital ship, was laid down 14 June 1917 by the Philadelphia Navy Yard; launched 23 December 1919; and commissioned 28 December 1920 at Philadelphia, Comdr. Richmond C. Holeomb, Medical Corps USN, in command.

With a bed eapaeity of 500 patients, Relief was one of the world's most modern and best equipped hospital ships. Assigned to the Atlantic Fleet, she departed Philadelphia 26 February 1921 to provide fleet units on Caribbean maneuvers with aU the facilities of a modern shore hospital.

Relief returned north to Philadelphia 28 April 1921 to serve the Fleet in waters ranging from the Virginia CaDes to the New England coast. During this service Captain Holoomb was relieved of command 5 September 1921 by Capt. Thomas L. Johnson, a line officer. Following a proclamation made by Theodore Roosevelt in 1908, it had been customary for hospital ships to be commanded by medical officers. But now, as a result of a review decision of the Judge Advocate General 6 June 1921, the old tradition of line officer command of ships was reestablished.

As a result of this decision, Navy Regulations wore changed and the controversy ended. (Change No. 2 to 1920 Navy Regulations.)

Relief continued to serve the Atlantic Fleet until the eonclusion of the winter spring maneuvers of 192:3, which took her to Cuba and Panama Bay. Departing the Panama Canal Zone 31 March 1923 for San Diego, Calif., she arrived 12 April. There she relieved Mercy (AII 4) as hospital ship for the Pacific Fleet and participated in Fleet battle problems conducted northward to Alaska and westward to Hawaii. Her usual emPIovment schedule was interrupted 1 July 1925 when she sailed from Pearl Harbor to join the Battle Fleet as it made its good will practice cruise via the Samoan Islands to Australia and New Zealand. She returned to San Pedro Calif., 26 September 1925 and continued to serve the Pacific Fleet as the National Emergeney preparations swelled the ranks of sailors and marines. This duty ended 3 June 1941 when Relief departed San Diego enroute Norfolk, Va.

Arriving Norfolk 20 June 1941, Relie.f thereafter served as a base hospital for the Atlantic Fleet in waters from Charleston S.C., to Newfoundland. She was in port at Argentia when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor. The following day she got underway via Boston for Norfolk. Returning north, she arrived Caseo Bay, Maine, 28 April and provided for the health needs of men training to man the Navy's new fighting ships. She also feared for victims of the war in the Atlantic.

Relief departed Casco Bay 8 February 1943 and put into the Boston Navy Yard to prepare for duty in the Pacific. By the 23d she was bound via the Panama Canal to the South Pacific Advanced Fleet Base at Noumea, New Caledonia. The bitter struggle to drive the Japanese from the Solomon Islands was still in progress when she reached her destination 2 April. Marine, Navy, and Army patients brought out of the combat zones of the Solomons awaited in the New Hebrides for transport to better hospital facilities at Auckland, New Zealand. This evacuation duty kept Relief occupied until 15 November, when she departed Auekland to evacuate battle casualties of the amphibious assaults on the Gilbert Islands.

Relief arrived off Abemama in the Gilberts 24 November, but immediately retired to Funafuti Atoll, Elliee Island~s to serve as a base hospital there until 4 January 1944. She teen performed service off Tarawa in the Gilberts for the remainder of the month. She steamed for the Marshalls 31 January to eare for battle casualties. On the east side of Carlson Island in Kwajalein Lagoon, she received battle easualities transported by small boat directly from the islands under attack.

By the afternoon of 4 February she was bound for Hawaii with 607 patients.

By 21 February, Relief returned to the newly won Marshalls, bringing medical supplies to be used in establishing shore hospitals on Roi Island. After embarking battle easualties from Navy transports, she shifted to Majuro Atoll Lagoon 4 March. During the following 3 months, she was the only hospital ship at Majuro where she served some 200,000 officers and men of the 5th Fleet. With medical facilities ashore limited to dispensary service, Relief provided hospitilization for fleet casualties. During this period, units of the fleet made constant air and surface attacks on the Japanese at Jaluit, Mili, Maloelap, Wotje, and other outlying Marshall Island atolls. Enemy attacks on Eniwetok were repulsed. These operations, as well as attacks made by the fleet against Truk and Palau, produced a large number of battle casualties. Relief admitted 1,329 patients and discharged 693 from 4 March through 4 June 1944.

Relief also served as general medical consultation center for the fleet. From her eame recommendations for appropriate action for coping with the problems of sanitation. She also served as medical supply depot for the combatant forces. When the fleet departed the Marshalls 4 June for amphibious operations in the Marianas, Relief evacuated her patients by air or surface transport to shore facilities and prepared to evacuate battle casualties of that campaign.

Departing the Marshalls 21 June, Reliel anchored off Saipan 3 days later to receive casualties directly from the combat then in progress. She departed that night with 656 patients and debarked them safely at Kwajalein on the 29th. Off Saipan again 15 July, she received 658 patients and again debarked them 5 days later at Kwajalein. The next morning she was steaming for the Marianas to receive 400 casualties from the battle for Tinian Island. Nearly aH were very serious eases, so field facilities in the Marshalls were bypassed for the better treatment available in Hawaii. Relief entered Pearl Harbor 15 August. Taking on a maximum load of medical supplies and stores, including one complete field hospital unit, she put to sea 25 August for return to the Marshalls.

Relief arrived Eniwetok 3 September and transferred 175 tons of medical stores to medical stores barge Silica for the use of Service Squadron 10. Meanwhile, her pathologist and laboratory teeLnieians worked to control an epidemic of baeilliary dysentery that had broken out in the harbor. On the morning of 18 September, she steamed for the Palau Islands, arriving off Peleliu and Angaur to receive 759 casualties. Some were discharged prior to sailing, but 680 patients were evaeuated to Army and Navy hospitals in New Caledonia. Arriving New Caledonia 11 October, Relief was ordered to evacuate patients directly to the United States. TakinB on 489 patients, she departed Noumea 15 October, touching at Pearl Harbor before arriving San Francisco 3 November.

Overhaul at General Engineering & DryDock Co., Alameda commenced 6 November 1944 and extended through 10 February 1945. Three days later Relief stood out from San Francisco Bay en route to Ulithi, the Carolines, arriving 5 March. On the night of 11 March, two Japanese suicide planes penetrated the harbor, one crashing the after flight deek of carrier Randolph and the other crashing on Sorlen Island. Relief received the casualties from Randolph as well as those from task forces returning from o~erations against the Japanese home islands. She departed I4ithi 26 March and entered Apra Harbor, Guam the following day, transferring 184 patients ashore in preparation for the Okinawa campaign.

Japanese bombers attacked Relief on 2 April. One bomb fell several yards wide of the ship, but the only damage was temporary loss of suction in a lube oil pump. A barrage of antiaireraft fire from destroyer Wickes drove off the attackers. Relief anchored off the Okinawa invasion beach by day and stood out to sea each night, illuminated "like a Christmas tree." As massive suicide aerial raids became common at night, the retirement ulan was abandoned 9 April and the hospital ships remained in the anchorage area, taking advantage of the cover of smoke screens and securing their illumination.

On the aftornoon of 10 April Relief steamed for Saipan with 556 battle casualties. She then made a quick run to the fleet base at Ulithi for stores and diesel oil, thence steamed back to Okinawa, arriving 22 April. After delivering a complete field hospital unit, she departed 26 April with 613 casualties, arriving Tinian Harbor the 30th. In four similar missions of mercy, she evacuated nearly 2,000 wounded fighting men from Okinawa to hospital facilities at Guam and Saipan.

Relief departed Saipan 7 July and touched at Guam en route San Pedro Bay, Leyte, the Philippines. She served as a Fleet Base Hospital in the Philippines for the remainder of the war. She departed Subie Bav 28 August, steaming via Okinawa for Dairen, Manehuria. Her mission was the recovery of Allied prisoners of war from the former Japanese military prison eamp at Mukden, Manehuria. As she passed through the East China and Yellow Seas, McNulty (DE 581) and 131more (DD-686) swept out ahead to destroy any mines that might be sighted.

Appearing before Dairen Kou 8 September 1945 Relief gained no sight of either the tugs or the pilots which tle Russians had promised. Entering the unfamiliar harbor, she moored unassisted to Pier No. 2. Dairen was under Russian military control, and shore leave was not permitted, although the Russians magnanimously invited the officers ashore on guided observation tours. The only word of the prisoners was that they were en route by rail from Mukden, some 200 miles north of Dairen. The morning of 11 September, a Navy doctor and a Marine sergeant reported on board from the camp, and they brought word of the approximate number and condition of Relief's prospective passengers. Soon 753 of them arrived— Dutch, British, Australians, and Americans. Many had lived through the infamous death march at Bataan, and most had survived prison camps in the Philippines, Formosa, Honshu, and Manehuria. Outbound to freedom 12 September, they entered Buckner Bay, Okinawa, 3 days later. Before they could be transferred to shore, Relief was ordered to stand out to sea to evade a typhoon. Returning to Buckner Bay 18 September, she debarked her passengers by noon.

On the 26th of September, Relief steamed for Taku, China, arriving on the 30th to provide medical facilities for the troops of the 1st Marine Division assigned to occupation duty in North China. This service eontimled until 24 October, when Relief was ordered to earry patients to the west coast of the United States.

Relief embarked patients at Tsingtao, Okinawa, and Guam, and then steamed for home, arriving San Francisco, 30 November. By this time the war service of the hospital ship had included steaming the equivalent of nearly four times around the world and the evacuation of nearly 10,000 fighting men as patients from scenes of combat in nearly every military eampaign area of the Pacific Theatre. Her last transpacifie voyage commenced 15 December 1945 when she stood out of San Francisco Bay for Yokosuka, Japan, arriving 4 January 1946. She tembarked Navy passengers there before proceeding to Saipan and Guam. When she stood out from Apra Harbor 15 January, she carried 282 patients and 717 returning veterans.

She arrived San Francisco 2 February, debarked her passengers, and got underway for the east coast on the 19th arriving Norfolk, on the 28th. She decommissioned at the Norfolk Naval Shipyard 11 June 1946. Struek from the Navy list 19 July 1946, she was delivered to the War Shipping Administration for disposal 13 January 1947. Relief was sold for scrap 23 March 1948 to the Boston Metals Co.

Relief (AH-1) received five battle stars for World War II serv~ee.


Relief VI AH-1 - History

During a devastating civil war, Ethiopia was hit with a famine and a hunger crisis which defined a decade and made for one of the worst humanitarian events of the 20th century. The United Nations estimated nearly 1 million famine deaths, along with millions displaced from their homes. World Vision emergency relief workers were among the first on the ground to assist the starving children and families, providing help where it was most critically needed.

1990s

During the early 1990s as Romania's communist party fell and President Nicolae Ceausescu was overthrown, the world was shocked by images of abandoned children tethered to beds and confined in cages. Tens of thousands of innocent Romanian children were placed in orphanages due to extremely difficult financial hardships and poverty. World Vision was one of the first to give aid to the institutionalised children, and continues to be one of the few international organisations to still have a presence in Romania.

1990s

Within 100 days in 1994, Rwanda’s citizens turned against one another during the country’s deadliest genocide, resulting in 800,000 people brutally slaughtered. The majority of survivors were children who lost one or both of their parents. World Vision arrived in 1994 to provide emergency aid and assist the survivors in resettling. As it became evident that physical wounds were not the only ones that needed healing, World Vision initiated peacebuilding and reconciliation programmes to help children and adults work through their emotional scars, and begin to heal a broken country.

1990s

At a time when AIDS was stigmatised by the Christian community and many others as something to be ashamed of, 12 million African children were orphaned due to this deadly disease. When no one else would, World Vision challenged the cultural beliefs and attitudes of the time and spurred global action to support the well-being of these vulnerable children through the HIV and AIDS Hope Initiative. World Vision’s three main approaches remain the same today: to prevent new cases, increase the quality of care for children infected or at risk of infection, and advocate to help stop the spread of HIV.

2000s

The 9.1 magnitude earthquake that hit Indonesia in 2004 triggered a massive tsunami, which killed nearly 230,000 people and levelled entire cities to the ground in a matter of minutes. The tsunami continued to devastate Thailand and Sri Lanka, before eventually ceasing in South Africa. In addition to those who lost their lives, many more were injured or left homeless. In response to this tragedy, World Vision initiated its largest-ever relief response (at that time) across all of the five affected countries, raising US$350 million. We continue to support these communities today.

2010s - Today

World Vision has been working in the Middle East for more than 40 years and has been responding to Syria’s deadly civil war since it began in early 2011. To date, approximately 5.6 million people have fled from Syria and another 6.2 million people are displaced within the country – half of which are vulnerable children. World Vision is helping with healthcare, emergency food, water and sanitation, shelter repair kits, education and recreation. We're also providing child protection training for adults and psychological support for Syrian families as well as members of host communities near where refugees have found shelter in Jordan, Lebanon and Iraq.

In 2020 alone, World Vision supported 27 million people through 66 global emergency responses provided 10 million people with food, and helped 3.4 million people to gain access to clean water. Through Child Sponsorship, 3.4 million vulnerable children were given a second chance in life. To see more of our global impact dowonlad our most recent Partnership Update.


Journal of the National Convention of the Woman's Relief Corps

Journal of the National Convention of the Woman's Relief Corps is the official report of the annual convention of the Woman's Relief Corps, a women's society dedicated to the memory of Union soldiers in the American Civil War.

Publication History

The Woman's Relief Corps was organized in 1883 as an auxiliary to the Grand Army of the Republic, a society of Union Civil War veterans. It has held national conventions most years of its existence.

Persistent Archives of Complete Issues

  • 1884-1889, 1891, 1895-1896, 1898, 1902-1903, 1907-1907: HathiTrust has the journals of the 2nd-7th, 9th, 13th, 14th, 16th, 20th, 21st, 24th, and 25th national conventions.
  • 1888-1890: HathiTrust has the journals of the 6th-8th national conventions.
  • 1892: HathiTrust has the journals of the 10th national convention.
  • 1899, 1901, 1907, 1908, 1910: HathiTrust has the journals of the 17th, 19th, 25th, 26th, and 28th national conventions.
  • 1912-1915, 1917-1922: HathiTrust has the journals of the 30th-33rd and 35th-40th national conventions.

Official Site / Current Material

This is a record of a major serial archive. This page is maintained for The Online Books Page. (See our criteria for listing serial archives.) This page has no affiliation with the serial or its publisher.


Ideological resistance

Soup kitchen vat, Connemara, Galway © Though it had a rich history of agrarian violence, the country was at peace. In addition, its system of communications (roads and canals) had vastly improved in the previous half-century, the Victorian state had a substantial and growing bureaucracy (it generated an army of 12,000 officials in Ireland for a short time in 1847), and Ireland lay at the doorstep of what was then the world's wealthiest nation. Why, then, was it not better able to deal with the problems caused by the failure of its potato crop?

Prevailing ideologies. militated against heavy and sustained relief.

In answering this question, it is instructive to contrast the role of ideology in the general response to famines today with the part played by ideology in response to the Great Famine in Ireland. Today, wealthier countries and international organisations provide disaster assistance (though, alas, often not nearly enough) as a matter of humanitarian conviction and perceived self-interest. But in Britain in the late 1840s, prevailing ideologies among the political élite and the middle classes strongly militated against heavy and sustained relief.


U.S. Department of the Treasury

The COVID-19 public health crisis and resulting economic crisis have put state, local, and Tribal governments under unprecedented strain. The Treasury Department is providing needed relief to state, local, and Tribal governments to enable them to continue to support the public health response and lay the foundation for a strong and equitable economic recovery.

CORONAVIRUS STATE AND LOCAL FISCAL RECOVERY FUNDS

The American Rescue Plan provides $350 billion in emergency funding for eligible state, local, territorial, and Tribal governments to respond to the COVID-19 emergency and bring back jobs.

Capital Projects Fund

The Coronavirus Capital Projects Fund (CCPF) takes critical steps to addressing many challenges laid bare by the pandemic, especially in rural America and low- and moderate-income communities, helping to ensure that all communities have access to the high-quality, modern infrastructure needed to thrive, including internet access.

Homeowner Assistance Fund

The American Rescue Plan provides nearly $10 billion for states, territories, and Tribes to provide relief for our country’s most vulnerable homeowners.

Emergency Rental Assistance Program

The American Rescue Plan provides $21.6 billion for states, territories, and local governments to assist households that are unable to pay rent and utilities due to the COVID-19 crisis.

State Small Business Credit Initiative

The American Rescue Plan provides $10 billion to state and Tribal governments to fund small business credit expansion initiatives.

Coronavirus Relief Fund

Through the Coronavirus Relief Fund, the CARES Act provides for payments to State, Local, and Tribal governments navigating the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak.


Borrowing From Retirement Plans

The plan, which included guidance from the IRS, allowed people to take special disbursements and loans from tax-advantaged retirement funds of up to $100,000 without facing a tax penalty. It waived the required minimum distribution (RMD) rules for 401(k) plans and individual retirement accounts (IRAs) and the 10% penalty on early 401(k) withdrawals up to $100,000. Account holders would be able to repay the distributions over the next three years and be allowed to make extra contributions for this purpose.

These measures applied to anyone directly affected by the disease itself or who faced economic hardship as a result of the pandemic. IRS guidance also expanded the list of eligible participants who were able to make these withdrawals to include anyone who had a job offer rescinded or delayed as well as the spouses of those individuals, even if they were still working.


History Of Stimulus Checks

Stimulus checks aren't a new idea. In fact, in the last 20 years, the United States has given out stimulus checks three times. They've been used as a tool to combat major recessions in the United States.

Here are some past examples:

2001: Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 provided $300 for single filer taxpayers and $600 for joint filers.

2008: Economic Stimulus Act of 2008 provided $300 to $600 per person, $1,200 for married couples, and $300 per child.

2009: Economic Recovery Payment of 2009 provided $250 for beneficiaries of select retirement programs, including Social Security, Veterans Affairs, and Railroad Retirement.


The Arctic Archipelago

The Arctic Archipelago is composed of thousands of islands north of the Canadian mainland. The southeastern islands are an extension of the Canadian Shield. The balance consists of two distinctive landform regions: the Arctic lowlands to the south and the mountains of the Innuitian Region to the north. The Innuitian ranges are geologically young mountains similar to the Western Cordillera, with some peaks and ridges reaching 10,000 feet (3,000 metres). Much of the Innuitian Region is permanently covered with snow and ice through which mountain peaks occasionally protrude.


Congress's 5,593-page porky 'relief' bill is essence of the swamp

The $900 billion stimulus package COVID-19 "relief" bill is exactly what one would expect from a dysfunctional, tone-deaf Congress: a pork-filled cluster filled with anything and everything that has nothing to do with the coronavirus pandemic or relief.

And in the swampiest thing ever, the bill, which is combined with a $1.4 trillion omnibus spending bill, is 5,593 pages long, or 5,583 pages too many, was given to lawmakers six hours before a vote to review what exactly is in it (hint: more pork than a Tyson Foods plant).

It harkens back to House Speaker Nancy Pelosi Nancy PelosiGOP increasingly balks at calling Jan. 6 an insurrection Overnight Energy: Lake Mead's decline points to scary water future in West | White House leads opposition to raising gas tax | Biden taps ex-New Mexico lawmaker for USDA post Trump against boycotting Beijing Olympics in 2022 MORE (D-Calif.) once explaining that a bill needed to be passed in order to find out what was in it. In a related story, our government is broken.

The top-line from the bill says a mere $600 per adult and $600 per child goes to those eligible, which is half of what adults received in another relief package passed earlier this year (the per-child payment was $500). Not hard to see that this amount is hardly enough to keep those struggling from staying out of poverty.

So where is the rest of the $1.4 trillion going?

Exhibit A: "Of the funds appropriated under title III of the Act that are made available for assistance for Pakistan, not less than $15,000,000 shall be made available for democracy programs and not less than $10,000,000 shall be made available for gender programs." Yep. $10 million. For gender programs. In Pakistan.

Exhibit B: Funds for "Resource Study of Springfield (Illinois) Race Riot." That riot occurred in (checks notes) 1908.

Exhibit C: "Statement Of Policy Regarding The Succession Or Reincarnation Of The Dalai Lama." We'll just leave that one there.

Exhibit D: There's actually a commission tasked with educating “consumers about the dangers associated with using or storing portable fuel containers for flammable liquids near an open flame."

Exhibit E: Another $40 million will be allocated "for the necessary expenses for the operation, maintenance and security" of The Kennedy Center, which received $25 million in another COVID-19 relief bill earlier this year. Also in a related story, the Kennedy Center has been closed.

Exhibits F, G, H, I, J: $86 million for assistance to Cambodia $130 million to Nepal, $135 million to Burma, $453 million to Ukraine, $700 million to Sudan.

Exhibit K: The bill creates a Women's History Museum and an American Latino Museum as part of the Smithsonian. Overall, the Smithsonian gets (checks notes again) $1 billion.

You get the idea. It's the oldest trick in Washington: Take a bill that symbolically is overwhelmingly supported by the American people on its title alone (COVID-19 relief for those struggling due to the pandemic). Then attach every pet project possible, in this case by combining it with an omnibus spending bill, and away we go.

Then there's the gall of Pelosi, who politicized this process in stalling negotiations since the summer with Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin Steven MnuchinDemocrats justified in filibustering GOP, says Schumer Yellen provides signature for paper currency Biden's name will not appear on stimulus checks, White House says MORE until after the election to ensure her party’s presidential nominee got past the finish line.

“That is a total game-changer — a new president and a vaccine,” she said. “We have a new president — a president who recognizes that we need to depend on science to stop the virus.”

The kind of science that creates (checks notes once again) multiple vaccines in record time as was done under President Trump Donald TrumpHead of firms that pushed 'Italygate' theory falsely claimed VA mansion was her home: report Centrists gain foothold in infrastructure talks cyber attacks at center of Biden-Putin meeting VA moving to cover gender affirmation surgery through department health care MORE 's Operation Warp Speed?

"Congressional Democrats have reached an agreement with Republicans and the White House on an emergency coronavirus relief and omnibus package that delivers urgently needed funds to save the lives and livelihoods of the American people," Pelosi wrote on Twitter on Sunday.

Again, using words like "emergency" and "urgently needed funds" that have been an emergency for many and urgently needed for months are the highest levels of insult.

Party power is always the goal with Pelosi. It may explain why her approval rating currently sits at 33 percent while Congress’s sits at 21 percent.


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