King of France (05/09 / 1638-01 / 09/1715). Born in Saint-Germaine-en-Laye, son of Louis XIII of France and Ana of Austria. In 1642, when he was only 4 years old, his father dies and he becomes king. During childhood, the country is governed by the mother, the regent, and the prime minister, Cardinal Mazarin.
In 1660, at the age of 22, he married Maria Teresa, daughter of King Philip IV of Spain. A year later, Cardinal Mazarin dies and Louis takes over the throne. Since the beginning of the government, it has adopted absolutism. It extinguishes the position of prime minister, keeping only one chancellor, four secretaries and one finance administrator, under his control.
In his reign, he persecuted Protestants, reorganized the army, and waged wars against Spain, the Netherlands, Austria, and Luxembourg. Louis XIV also contributes to the development of the arts and sciences in France. Gives financial protection to writers like Molière and Racine. It builds the luxurious Palace of Versailles, with 1,900 rooms and the first internal bathroom in history, where the court starts to live from 1682.
He is also responsible for building academies of arts, sciences, painting and sculpture. Whimsical, he enjoys etiquette and parties and keeps several lovers. To him is attributed the phrase: "L" État c "est moi" (The State is me). He is known as Sun King for choosing the star-king's image as his emblem. When he dies in Versailles, he leaves the country in dire economic straits.