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Petrita SwStr - History

Petrita SwStr - History

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(Sw Str: dp. 200; a. 1 gun)

Early in the morning of 23 October 1846, a small squadron under Commodore Matthew Perry steamed into a sleepy Mexiean town located 7 miles up the Grijalvn River. Frontera (now Alvaro Obregon) was caught by surprise. Leaving the steam frigate Mississippi at the mouth of the river because of her draft, the squadron captured 2 steamers and a number of coastal schooners. The most important capture was Petrita, a small but swift Ameriean built steamer. She was added to the squadron which was composed of the steamers McLane and V*en, and schooners Ponita and Nonata. Early the next morning Perry sailed farther up the Grijalva River to attack the town of San Juan Bautista (now Villa Hermosa). At 9 a.m. the Squadron passed the abandoned Fort Aeaeehappa, where it stopped long enough to spike the guns. It was 12 noon when the Viee Commodore arrived at his destination. Capturing 5 more vessels, the squadron bombarded San Juan Bautista. Not being able to garrison the town because of the leek of men, Perry withdrew to Anton Lizardo, and island just south of Vera Cruz.

Petrita was inactive for the remainder of 1846 and the first

part of 1847. This was due to a eoal shortage and violent storms ealled "northers" which ocour during the winter months. On 7 March 1847, Commodore David Conner and General Winfield Seott made a reconnaissance of Vera Cruz in Petrita. She ran close to Fort San Juan de Ulua and was straddled by gunfire. However, no damage was sustained. Petrita participated in the Vera Cruz amphibious assault. Commodore Conner's plan was to have the large warships tow landing craft from Anton Lizardo to Isla Saerifieios, a distanee of a few miles. The small steamers would then piek up the tow and run the landing craft in to shore. Sloop Saint Marys transferred her tow to Petrita, and she safely towed them in. By 10 p.m. more than 10,000 troops had been landed. The operation was a complete success.

Suffering from engine defects, Petrita was inactive for the remainder of the war. In 1848 Petrita was lost off Alvarado. All hands were saved.

USS Petrita (1846)

USS Petrita was a steamer that served in the United States Navy from 1846 to 1848. She saw service in the Mexican War.

United States
Name: USS Petrita
Namesake: Mexican name (a Spanish, feminine proper name) retained
Acquired: 23 October 1846
Fate: Lost 1848
General characteristics
Type: Screw steamer
Displacement: 200 tons
Armament: 1 gun

Petrita was a small, swift, screw steamer built in the United States and in Mexican service when the Mexican War broke out in 1846. She was one of two steamers and various other vessels in the Grijalva River at the town of Frontera when a U.S. Navy squadron commanded by Commodore Matthew C. Perry surprised Mexican forces there and captured her along with the other Mexican vessels. She was added to the American squadron.

Early the next morning, Perry sailed farther up the Grijalva River to attack the town of San Juan Bautista. At 9:00 a.m. the squadron passed the abandoned Fort Acacchappa, where it stopped long enough to spike the guns. It was noon when Perry ' s squadron arrived at San Juan Bautista, where it captured five more Mexican vessels and bombarded the town. Unable to garrison the town because of a lack of men, Perry withdrew to Antón Lizardo, an island just south of Veracruz, Mexico.

Petrita was inactive for the remainder of 1846 and the first part of 1847 due to a coal shortage and violent storms called “northers” which occur during the winter months.

On 7 March 1847, Commodore David Conner and General Winfield Scott made a reconnaissance of Veracruz in Petrita. She ran close to the Castle of San Juan de Ulúa and was straddled by gunfire, but sustained no damage. The Siege of Veracruz began two days later.

Petrita later participated in the amphibious assault on Veracruz. Commodore Conner ' s plan was to have his large warships tow landing craft from Anton Lizardo to Isla de Sacrificios, a distance of a few miles (kilometers). Small steamers would then pick up the tow and run the landing craft in to shore. The sloop-of-war USS St. Mary's transferred her tow to Petrita, and Petrita towed them in safely. By 10:00 p.m., more than 10,000 American troops had landed, and the operation was a complete success.

Suffering from engine defects, Petrita was inactive for the remainder of the Mexican War. [ citation needed ] She was lost off Alvarado, Mexico before 6 March 1848. [1] [2] All hands were saved. [ citation needed ]

1. She Is the Younger Sister of Honeysuckle Weeks

Perdita admits that she followed in her older sister’s footsteps, getting into acting at the age of 12, but she insists that there is no sibling rivalry between the two of them. She says that she has a strong admiration for the work that her sister has put forth in her own acting career and there is plenty of room for them to thrive in the industry. Perdita believes that having a good example go ahead of her has made her entry into the acting profession much easier.

Perdita Weeks: Career

Weeks initially made her screen debut in 1993 with a small role in the TV mini-series ‘Goggle Eyes’. In 1995, she played Dottie in another TV series ‘Ghosts’. Additionally, in the same year, she also appeared in ‘The Cold Light of Day’ as Anna Tatour and in ‘Robert Rylands’ Last Journey’ as Sue.

In addition, she also portrayed the role of Moira in another TV series ‘Screen Two’. Since then, Perdita Weeks has appeared in numerous other movies and television series. All in all, she has over 30 credits as an actress.

Some other movies and television series that Weeks has appeared in are ‘Rebellion’, ‘The Musketeers’, ‘The Great Fire’, ‘The Invisible Woman’, ‘Flight of the Storks’, ‘Titanic (TV Series)’, ‘Great Expectations’, ‘The Promise’, ‘Prowl’, ‘Four Seasons’, ‘Inspector Lewis’, ‘Lost in Austen’, ‘The Tudors’, ‘Sherlock Holmes and the Case of the Silk Stocking’, ‘Stig of the Dump’, ‘The Prince and the Pauper’, and ‘Spice World’ among others. Furthermore, Weeks has not garnered any award nomination to date.

Petrita SwStr - History

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1847 - Detail

March 27-29, 1847 - Twelve thousand American troops under the command of General Winfield Scott take Vera Cruz, Mexico after a siege.

The strategy of the United States in their conflict with Mexico had been apparent from even before its start. President Polk, Secretary of War W.L. Marcy, and other politicians were clear. They had a plan for manifest destiny and expansion of United States territory and the desires of the combative regime south of the border was not going to stop them. So, in 1845, they agreed to the annexation of the Republic of Texas into the United States, adding it directly into the Union as a state in December even though Mexico warned of war if that occurred. While that act did not cause Mexico to engage in combat, when Texas militia moved into disputed territory near the Rio Grande River, diplomatic relations were broken. With the initial actions of conflict engaged by Mexico in the spring of 1846, the President and Secretary of War had made their orders known to General Kearny and the Army of the West that they were to take New Mexico and California from Mexican hands.

For General Winfield Scott, the Mexican American War was an extension of an already broad and stellar military career. He had been in the United States Army since 1814, serving in the War of 1812, and by 1847, was sixty years old and the 3rd Commanding General of the United States Army, a position crafted after George Washington had been Commander-In-Chief of the Continental Army in the American Revolution. He had been in that position for five years before the Mexican War started, and despite a contentious relationship with President Polk, they had been in agreement that the strategy here was to take Alta California and then seek peace with Mexico. Zachary Taylor would lead the U.S. Army into Mexico Scott would remain in Washington.

By 1847, the strategy began to change. Polk, Marcy, and Scott now thought that Mexico would not surrender if the United States only remained in possession of Northern Mexico. They would have to invade, taking Mexican territory even further south than that already won by Kearny and Zachary Taylor. Scott would leave his administrative post and go back into the field the goal was to capture Mexico City. Veracruz, a port on the Gulf of Mexico, would be the start. The national road led two hundred miles from that city to Mexico City and would be an important access way for the twelve thousand man U.S. Army on their march to capture it. A naval invasion and siege was planned, the largest assault of its kind in history up to that point, and the largest until the North African campaign of World War II.

Scott would land a twelve thousand man force on March 9, 1847, including men who would become even more famous in the war to come, the Civil War. Robert E. Lee, George Meade, U.S. Grant, and George B. McClellan were only a few of those within the command structure of the invasion who would serve in even higher capacity during the War of Rebellion. Commodore David Conner would lead the amphibious portion of the attack. General Winfield Scott would command the land forces in an encircling motion around the city and lay siege to the town for nearly three weeks.

Elements of the Siege

Veracruz was well defended, and intelligence reports had warned the Mexican forces that an attack was to come. Three forts were critical to its defense Fort Santiago, Fort Concepcio'n, and Fort San Juan de Ulu'a. In total, over four thousand men were garrisoned in those locations. They commanded two hundred and twenty-four guns.

General Scott and Commodore Connor landed their forces at Collado Beach, three miles south of town, on March 9. Not one man was lost of the twelve thousand upon the landing. Once ashore, the divisions dispersed to envelope the city. Patterson, commanding the 3rd Volunteer Division, marched north. Major General William J. Worth, commanding the 1st Division, and Major General David E. Twiggs, commanding the 2nd Division, plus the Dragoon brigade filled what would become a seven mile line stretching from Collado Beach to Playa Vergara within four days. A naval battery was constructed under the direction of Captain Robert E. Lee. Seven ships had been part of the invasion, including the flagship USS Raritan, USS Mississippi, USS Potomac, USS St. Mary's, USS Petrita, USS Massachusetts, USS Ohio, and the Mosquito fleet.

News Reports of the Landing

New York Tribune, April 3, 1847, Partial Article

Investment of Vera Cruz
Successful Landing of Gen. Scott


By Express from Philadelphia we have received a copy of the Philadelphia North American, containing the following important intelligence from Vera Cruz:

By the schr. Portia, at New Orleans, from Sacrificios, the 15th, we have news of interest from the land and naval forces cooperating before Vera Cruz. The Delta's account says troops were landed by Generals Scott, Patterson, Worth, Pillow, Quitman and Twiggs with the Aids and the Topographical corps, which approached near the shore, toward the direction of the Castle, the guns of San Juan de Ulua opening fire upon the party, throwing shell and round-shot but without doing any damage to the reconnoitering party - the round shot either passing over or falling short, and the shell, although thrown with precision, bursting at a considerable elevation, doing no harm - one shell passing over the steamer Petrita, (the vessel employed in the reconnoisance) and another bursting under her bow, without doing her any injury.

The reconnoisanc was made while the transports and convoys were lying off at Anton Lizardo after their return and the least possible delay, transports and convoys weighed anchor and stood to the southward of Sacrificios, bearing in toward the main land, with a fair breeze and in gallant style, when they came to anchor, the convoys taking position in such a manner as to protect the disembarkation of the troops - the first 6,000 being landed at 2 o'clock P.M. on the 9th, and the remainder during the next day. The landing is spoken of, by persons who were eye witnesses, at a scene (sp) of magnificence rarely witnessed more than once in a lifetime. The troops amounted to the exact number of 12,100.

After the landing, the different columns took up their line of march for the positions assigned to them in the important action and siege of Vera Cruz.

The steamers Vixen and Spitfire, laying under Punta de Hornos, opened on the City across the point and in the direction of the Castle, with shell and round shot, which was returned by the Castle, but without effect.

General Worth's division which it is said has been assigned to the operations of the left flank of the City, from the localis of the landing on the South, and under Punta de Hornos, had necessarily to move in echelon to the rear past the right, in order to gain his proper position - in the execution of which, it became necessary to attack and take possession of two redoubts thrown up by the enemy on one of which was a piece of artillery, and both filled with infantry.

The redoubts were attacked, charged and taken, a spirited resistance being made by the enemy who lost several in killed, wounded and prisoners - our loss some seven killed and several wounded. Capt. Alburtis of the 2nd Infantry, was killed by a round-shot supposod to be from the Castle, the same shot taking off the arm of a drummer (a boy) and wounding a private. Capt. Alburtis was a Virginian, and formerly conducted a newspaper in Fredericksburg. Col. Dixon was wounded in the breast by a musket-shot.

The skirmishing was, however, no check to the advancing column, which passed steadily forward to its position on the left and rear of the city, where it halted and commenced the work of intrenchment.

The pipes used for the purpose of supplying the city with fresh water have been discovered and broken up, completely cutting off the supply from the tanks, which are situated some distance from the city.

During the advance upon the rear of the city, Passed Midshipman Rogers, who had not yet been sent from Vera Cruz, was bound upon a cart, and ordered to be conveyed under a guard, to the prison at Perote, but fortunately they were encountered by our forces, and Mr. Rogers was rescued and is now on board his ship.

The city is now completely surrounded by our troops, each division having taken a strong and advantageous position with intrenchments completely cutting off all communication by sea or land, and at the same time are safe from the fire of the Castle. The positions of divisions were established on the 15th, extending from Punta de Hornos, on the right, to Punta de la Catita, on the left, in one unbroken line, and active preparations were on foot for the immediate subjugation of this formidable place.

So closely is Vera Cruz now besieged, and as entirely are every means of communication cut off, that in a very few days the news must reach us that both the City and Castle are occupied by our victorious troops. .

The Siege Ends

On March 22, Scott sought the Mexican Army's surrender Brigadier General Juan Esteban Morales, commander, declined. Scott responed to the denial by ordering a bombardment to begin at 4:15 p.m. At 6:00 p.m. the offshore naval guns joined in from the steamers Spitfire and Vixon, plus five schooners. Fort Santiago was abandoned and many civilian structures in Veracruz were damanged. The bombardment continued on the 23rd of March, with the naval battery under Lee now mounted and participating by the 24th. The previous two days of bombardment impacted the city walls and those of the fort, causing some of the Mexican gunners to abandon their positions. Scott planned an assault for March 25 as a Mexican Council of War debated safe passage for consuls, women, and children as first terms, offering it to Scott. He refused complete surrender were the only terms. Morales resigned as the surrender was approved on March 26. Terms were agreed upon late on March 26 some sources state the next day. By March 29, the United States flag flew over the ramparts of San Juan de Ulu'a. General Winfield Scott and U.S. forces would push toward Mexico City over the next six months before the fall of Mexico City in September.

Casualties are estimated at two hundred to one thousand for Mexican troops and civilians. American casualties were sixty-eight killed and wounded.

Petrita Zoraida Sanchez Obituary

&ldquoOur Condolences to everyone who was close to Pita. Pita was a wonderful person, my whole family has many fond memories of when we were growing up. Read More » &rdquo
1 of 1 | Posted by: Felipe L. Sanchez Jr. - NM

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Petrita (Pita) Zoraida Sanchez , 85, entered a new life on Thursday, February 15, 2018. Pita was born in Santa Rosa, NM. Her parents,Jose Z. and Adelina R. Sanchez, raised her, her brother Joe and sister Tina in a one bedroom house on 3rd st. She had close ties with her grandparents who lived in a small community near Santa Rosa, Colonias de San Jose. These Catholic Communities played an important role in her spiritual formation. Her whole life revolved around the church. In 1951, upon graduating from Santa Rosa High School, she entered the Order of the Sisters of St. Joseph of Boston. She entered college in Framingham, MA, Boston College, Boston State College, St. Michael&rsquos In Santa Fe, NM and UNM. Although her degree was in education, Pita also had extensive courses in counseling. Pita taught is Parochial Schools in Massachusetts, Santa Fe and Santa Rosa for 18 years. In 1972 she began a new career in teaching at public schools and adult education in Albuquerque. After 40 years, she retired but began doing volunteer work. She especially enjoyed tutoring and also working with the elderly. Upon hearing an inspiring homily on stewardship at Immaculate, she volunteered to work with the elderly at St. Mary&rsquos Nursing Home, where she assisted at a weekly Mass and Prayer Service. Besides helping at the Nursing Home, she drove the elderly for groceries and to the doctor. When someone from the parish was needed to serve as extraordinary Eucharistic minister at the Heart Hospital, she not only volunteered to serve in this capacity, but also coordinated the schedules for the ministers at the Heart Hospital. Attending a weekly Bible study at Immaculate, under the direction of father Joe Vanderholt, was also one of her favorite activities. In 1997, Pita was selected to receive the &ldquoAdult Educator of the Year&rdquo award for the many years she had dedicated to teaching adults. Then in 2009, much to her surprise, she received the &ldquoImmaculta Award&rdquo from her parish. In 2002, Pita joined the Associates of the Sisters of St. Joseph, who are men and women who share in the faith journeys with the sisters of St. Joseph of Boston in a mission of unity and reconciliation. So, from her humble beginnings in Santa Rosa, she has continued in her life of service at Immaculate Conception Church in Albuquerque. Pita&rsquos Life Celebration will begin with a Rosary on Tuesday, February 20, 2018 at 9:00 a.m. at Immaculate Conception Church, located at 619 Copper Ave NW, 87102, followed by Mass at 10:00 a.m. A second Mass will be held on Wednesday, February 21, 2018 at 10:00 a.m. at St. Rose of Lima, located at 439 S 3rd St, Santa Rosa, NM 88435. Burial will follow Services at San Jose Cemetery in Santa Rosa, NM. Pallbearers will be Johnny Aragon, David Padilla, Ken Blaskovits, Arturo Cordova, Ernie Woodley, and Charels Mitchell.

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Funeral Service

Immaculate Conception Catholic Church
619 Copper Ave NW
Albuquerque, NM 87102
(505) 247-4271

Funeral Service

Immaculate Conception Catholic Church
619 Copper Ave NW
Albuquerque, NM 87102
(505) 247-4271

Funeral Service

St. Rose of Lima Church
439 S 3rd St
Santa Rosa, NM 88435
(505) 242-1133

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‘I can finally hug her again’: Strong family bonds encourage Latino elders to get vaccinated against COVID-19 as Chicago youth help to book appointments

When Jesse Flores finally got the COVID-19 vaccine, he looked forward to one thing once he was fully vaccinated: hugging his 92-year-old grandmother again.

He hoped that his abuela — the matriarch of the family, who used to laugh and make jokes while she cared for him and his cousins when he was growing up — would still remember him.

Due to her age and some health issues, sometimes she forgets things, Flores said.

The Sunday when he finally hit the two-week mark after getting his second shot against the novel coronavirus, he drove to his grandmother’s home in Back of the Yards, eager to see her again.

Though at first she was a bit confused, she eventually recognized Flores and embraced him.

“I can finally hug her again without fear,” Flores said.

Hundreds of Chicago youth are working together to help Latino elders register for the COVID-19 vaccine to reunite them with loved ones. The hope of seeing family has, for many, been the source of strength to deal with the toll of the pandemic, said Ana Lopez, one of the creators of the Facebook group Vaccinate Abuela.

Since February, volunteer members of the Chicago-based Facebook group have collectively helped to register thousands of seniors who do not speak English or who lack tech skills to find and book an appointment online. In some instances, volunteers have also worked together to drive some elders to their appointment, she said.

The group also expanded its efforts to help Black seniors and other immigrants who may face barriers to access the vaccine.

“One of my biggest motivators to do this was to help preserve our parents and our grandparents to preserve their existence in our household, in our city,” said Lopez who aside from helping to manage the volunteer group, has a job and is a full-time student studying computer science at the University of Illinois at Chicago.

Latinos in Chicago continue to be disproportionately affected by the pandemic, both in deaths and in mitigations such as testing. As of Thursday, 1,725 of the 5,162 people who had died from COVID-19 complications in Chicago were Latinos. So while they make up 29% of the city’s population, Latinos accounted for 33% of the COVID-19 deaths and only 15% of tests performed.

And though early vaccine distribution data showed significant disparities between white and Black and Hispanic residents, recent numbers showed that 52% of Latinos ages 65 and older in Chicago have received a first dose of the COVID-19 vaccine, compared with 58% of white Chicagoans and 49% of Black Chicagoans in the age group.

Lopez, who is 35 and lives in Pilsen, was afraid that if she didn’t help to protect her parents and other elders in her community, no one would. Those immigrants who were dying, she said, are the backbone “of who we are in this country.”

Using her technical skills, she first secured an appointment for her parents, both over 70 and suffering from underlying health conditions. She then began asking aunts, elderly family members and neighbors if they needed help to book an appointment.

That’s when her friend, Esteban Andres Cruz, who uses the pronouns “they” and “them,” stepped in to help.

Like Lopez, Cruz made sure that their parents had access to a vaccine. Once that was done, the two decided that they needed to share their knowledge and skills to book appointments online with members of their community who, like their elder family members, did not speak English or lacked access to a computer with internet.

“To preserve ourselves and to preserve our rich culture, traditions, and history, we need to preserve abuelos,” Cruz said.

Cruz, an actor, lives in Archer Heights with their partner.

Cruz said that the group’s approach has helped to ease the fear and hesitancy toward the COVID-19 vaccines in the Latino community because it helped people realize that the only way to safely reunite and embrace a loved one was to get fully vaccinated.

When Cruz hugged their mother for the first time, both cried for a few minutes.

“As Latinos, we are accustomed to embracing each other constantly, if you don’t hug and kiss someone hello, especially our elders, it’s a sign of disrespect,” Cruz said.

It wasn’t only the young people who missed their elders. Some abuelas yearned for the day when their grandchildren could also hug and kiss them again.

Maria Isabel Salgado, 63, of Logan Square has one shot to go and is grateful that volunteers from Vaccinate Abuela aided her daughter — who joined the group to ask for help — in booking an appointment.

Salgado is a mother of four and a grandmother to three.

The pandemic, she said, kept the family apart, and that has been depressing.

“I miss my grandchildren, I can’t wait to hug them and spend time with them,” Salgado said.

Lopez and Cruz frequently hear about other children of immigrants working together and sharing resources to make sure that their elders are vaccinated.

Beyond a duty to ensure they are healthy, it’s a duty to protect the family circle and the bonds that keep the Latino community strong, they say.

Jesse Flores, whose grandmother has 12 children, 35 grandchildren, and 44 great-grandchildren, is looking forward to spending Sunday with her again “before it’s too late.”

The pandemic and his grandmother’s deteriorating health over the past year have robbed him and his family of “valuable time,” together, he said. His abuela immigrated to Chicago from Zacatecas, Mexico, in the 1950s following her husband, Flores’ late grandfather. They established the family in Back of the Yards, where she still lives.

Now that he is fully vaccinated and as more of his family has access to COVID-19 vaccines, Flores hopes to recoup the time lost.

Omar Infante is making history

Omar Infante might be an All-Star player this year, but it would be wholesomely undeserved. The fans voting for him must be aware of that, but alas. this is the system we have been given.

However, could we consider a guy an All-Star if he's making history in the months leading up to the All-Star Game? Certainly a player on the verge of making history would warrant reasoning to be included among the games current greats no? A guy who's halfway to the single season home run mark, or has 100 RBI by the break we would certainly put him in the All-Star game.

Omar Infante is making history right now guys. Unfortunately, it's not the good kind of history.

Name PA BB% wRC+ WAR
Omar Infante 228 1.30% 45 -0.3
Salvador Perez 241 1.70% 107 1.3
Chris Owings 242 2.50% 51 -0.5
Jean Segura 227 2.60% 79 0.3
Ender Inciarte 267 3.00% 85 0.8
Alexei Ramirez 269 3.00% 45 -0.9
Wilmer Flores 248 3.20% 92 0.9
Dee Gordon 306 3.30% 121 3.1
Josh Harrison 274 3.60% 99 1
Juan Lagares 274 3.60% 85 0.5

Among 2015 qualified leaders, Infante is last overall in BB%, and not far behind is team mate Sal Perez. However despite Perez's abysmal walk rate, he's been a 7% better than league average hitter. Meanwhile Infante has been 55% worse than league average. It's not particularly close either as Infante has been 120 basis points behind the next non-Royals team member.

Now, we know Infante isn't known for his on base percentage or taking walks, but a career

6% walk rate isn't necessarily abysmal (the league average walk rate the past few years has been

8%) and Infante has had a few seasons with near or better than average league batting line despite his allergy to walks.

Omar this season though is taking a big step towards history and shooting for the all-time BB% record with a meteoric impact.

Season Name PA BB% K% wRC+ WAR
2015 Omar Infante 228 1.30% 15.40% 45 -0.3
1922 Shano Collins 504 1.40% 6.00% 64 -1.5
1949 Virgil Stallcup 589 1.50% 7.50% 55 -0.8
1997 Shawon Dunston 511 1.60% 14.70% 94 0.3
1966 Tito Fuentes 564 1.60% 10.10% 76 1.1
2015 Salvador Perez 241 1.70% 13.70% 107 1.3
2007 Ivan Rodriguez 515 1.70% 18.60% 82 1.5
1946 Don Kolloway 500 1.80% 5.80% 80 1.6
1950 Don Mueller 539 1.90% 4.80% 77 -0.1
2007 Tony Pena 536 1.90% 14.60% 63 1.3

It's not often you get to see true history unfold before your eyes, but here we are. Omar Infante is almost halfway there to having the worst walk rate in the history of modern baseball or at least since the live ball era began.

With each plate appearance that passes and each swing his bat makes contact with the ball, Infante inches his way closer to history. And hey look! Not far behind him is Sal Perez.

There is still hope for Perez too. Last year in the 1st half of the season he was managing a respectable enough 5.5% BB% before whatever it was that happened to him in the second half that cratered him, and his BB% went down to 1.1%. A similar second half de-surgence could put him neck and neck with the chase to the no-walk record title.

So maybe for Infante it's been a lack of opportunity? Obviously you need to get to ball three to get to ball four to walk, and maybe Infante just hasn't had many three ball counts as the other guys? We can suss that out easily of course since it's 2015.

Name PA BB% Swing% Contact% SwStr%
Omar Infante 228 1.30% 48.80% 79.60% 9.80%
Salvador Perez 241 1.70% 54.50% 82.80% 9.40%
Chris Owings 242 2.50% 57.50% 75.60% 14.00%
Jean Segura 227 2.60% 53.20% 85.80% 7.40%
Ender Inciarte 267 3.00% 47.30% 89.60% 5.00%

Those are our bottom five walk guys. It's interesting that the #1 and #5 both have close Swing%. Infante doesn't swing as often as Perez, Owings, or Segura, but the guy who he does swing nearly as much as is walking more than twice as much as him. It's also not like Infante has been a high contact hitter (like Inciarte/Segura) who doesn't get into deep counts necessarily because when he swings he hits the ball. Infante isn't a low contact hitter or high swinging guy as he's basically in the middle third of all qualified hitters in both those stats (from eyeballing things).

What about three ball counts?

Name BB% 3-Ball Counts
Omar Infante 1.30% 24
Salvador Perez 1.70% 36
Chris Owings 2.50% 28
Jean Segura 2.60% 59
Ender Inciarte 3.00% 31

So Infante has the lowest amount of three ball counts, and obviously isn't walking when he gets them. Perez seems a bit scarier though as he has more attempts than Inciarte but almost half the walk rate.

Name BB% 3-0 Counts
Omar Infante 1.30% 5
Salvador Perez 1.70% 7
Chris Owings 2.50% 3
Jean Segura 2.60% 10
Ender Inciarte 3.00% 5

Infante is a little closer to the pack when it comes to 3-0 opportunities. How about 3-0 walks?

Name BB% 3-0 Walks
Omar Infante 1.30% 2
Salvador Perez 1.70% 0
Chris Owings 2.50% 0
Jean Segura 2.60% 0
Ender Inciarte 3.00% 3

Note that this doesn't include intentional walks, but Infante is doing good here (though this may be more on the pitcher than the hitter).

Let's look at how pitchers are pitching to Infante with 3 balls.

So Infante isn't doing himself any favors when he's swinging on 3 ball counts necessarily. The two farthest from the center dots are clear walks, and Infante took them, but most the pitches outside the zone he's seen this year have been poor contact. as a lot of outside pitches put in play are.

Infante's hot streak has been nice to talk about and see. He's had a 145 wRC+ since June 15th, though the latter half of the eight-game hit streak has been all singles and 1-4 games. It still however doesn't put much of a bump in the crater that is Infante's overall line as he's still at a 45 wRC+ on the year.

At the end of the season, which will be higher for Infante: the number of walks he takes, or home runs and triples combined?

Strikeout to Walks Ratio (K/BB)
Compares the number of strikeouts a pitcher accumulates vs. their walks issued (strikeouts divided by walks). Effectively measures a pitcher’s ability to control their pitches. Phil Hughes set the MLB record for K/BB in 2014 at 11.625.

Strikeouts per 9 Innings Pitched (K/9)
The average number of strikeouts a pitcher accumulates every 9 innings. Calculated by dividing strikeouts by innings pitched and then multiplying that number by nine. An average K/9 rate is around 6-7 while the best pitchers can throw at a level of 9.0 or more. Randy Johnson is the all-time K/9 leader among starting pitchers (10.61).

Walks per 9 Innings Pitched (BB/9)
The average number of walks given up by a pitcher per nine innings pitched. This number includes intentional walks. BB/9 is derived by multiplying the pitcher’s walks by nine and dividing by the total number of innings the pitcher has thrown.

Walks plus Hits per Inning Pitched (WHIP)
Measures the number of base runners a pitcher allows per inning pitched. A WHIP near 1.00 or below is considered excellent. The lowest single-season WHIP is 0.7373 from Pedro Martínez in 2000.

Fielding Independent Pitching (FIP)
Evaluates the effectiveness of a pitcher, based solely on what he can control. The stat measures what a player’s ERA would look like if the pitcher were to have experienced league average results on balls in play. Thus, FIP attempts to identify how well a pitcher is performing outside of the defense his team fields behind him.

Expected Fielding Independent Pitching (xFIP)
Uses the same theory as FIP but replaces a pitcher’s actual home run total with an estimated home run total that the pitcher should have allowed based on the number of fly balls they surrendered. The purpose for the adjustment is to stabilize the inherently unstable number that is HR/Fly Ball ratio.

Earned Run Average Plus (ERA+)
Represents an adjustment to a pitcher’s ERA based on his home ballpark and also the the league-average ERA for a given season. An ERA+ over 100 is considered above average and below 100 is considered below average. The idea behind ERA+ is to better understand a pitcher’s ERA as it relates to other pitchers in the league and the stadiums in which they play.

Earned Run Average Minus (ERA-)
Similar to ERA+, ERA- takes a pitcher’s ERA and compares it to league-average, scoring from a center of 100. However, it is scaled differently, with numbers below 100 representing a higher quality pitcher than those above 100. For example, if a pitcher’s ERA- is 85, that means his ERA is 15% better than league average on the season. An ERA- of 70 or better is typically considered excellent whereas an ERA- of 125 or worse is very poor.

Swinging Strike Rate (SwStr%)
Swinging strike rate offers insight into a pitcher’s true capability to miss bats. Strikeouts are king in fantasy baseball because not only do they accrue additional fantasy points, but they are also automatic outs. If a pitcher has a high swinging strike rate, he probably has the raw stuff necessary to also have a high strikeout rate. We can also analyze whether swinging strikes are coming on pitches inside or outside the strike zone. Some pitchers have nasty stuff that makes batters chase, while others beat batters by working within the zone.

Called Strike Plus Whiff Rate (CSW)
Called Strike Plus Whiff Rate (CSW) is a new statistic that has popped up in the last few years that takes pitcher metrics one step further. Everybody is probably familiar with Swinging Strike Rate, which is simply the number of swinging strikes a pitcher gets divided by the total number of pitches they throw. By adding in called strikes to this calculation, we now give credit to pitchers for strikes thrown that aren’t swung at.

Left on Base Percentage (LOB%)
Left on Base Percentage is simply the number of base-runners that a pitcher leaves on base at the end of an inning divided by the total base-runners that they allow. For example, if a pitcher allows five base-runners during his outing, and only one of them scores, that works out to be an 80% strand rate. Note that base-runners are only counted when a pitcher finishes the inning. If he leaves the game mid-inning and a reliever allows his inherited base-runners to score, that does not change the original pitcher’s strand rate.

Quantifying Fastball Deception
Quantifying Slider Deception
While we can easily quantify the stuff and the control, we don’t have a definitive metric for pitcher deception. How exactly do you quantify it? There is no radar gun or high-speed camera that could capture this. We have to get creative to have a shot at quantifying this, and that’s what I attempted to do in this analysis. My thought process was that I could use CSW Rate (called strike + swinging-strike rate) and data clustering to give this a try.

Minor League Stat Stickiness: Pitchers
The goal is to find which Minor League statistics are most predictive of Major League statistics at the individual player level. If we can find some statistical categories that players usually stay relatively consistent in from their Minor League career to their Major League careers, we might be able to be better at evaluating players in the future. This is especially useful for fantasy baseball purposes when you are trying to identify rookies that can contribute to your fantasy team.

Legacy of Sarita Kenedy East

Sarita Kenedy East

Who was Sarita Kenedy East?

What is the Kenedy Ranch?

Why did the Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate inherit the ranch headquarters?

How did Lebh Shomea come out of that turn of events?

The story begins in the 1850’s shortly after a handful of French Oblate missionaries arrived in Brownsville. On the Texas side of the Rio Grande River, which separates the United States from Mexico, the Oblate horseback apostolate fanned out in three geographical directions: (1) along the river itself from Brownsville to Laredo (2) along the Gulf coast as far as Corpus Christi and (3) out into the vast sand-dune covered interior between Laredo and Corpus Christi. The natives called that immense stretch of some 4,000 square miles “Wild Horse Desert,” and they dubbed the missionary team The Cavalry of Christ.

The Kenedy beach house on Bafflin Bay. Now it is part of Sarita’s bequest to the Oblates and Lebh Shomea. Seven members of the Cavalry of Christ (Photo taken in the early1900s)

About the same time, Mifflin Kenedy and Richard King arrived in South Texas with a small fleet of ships. They made a great deal of money ferrying passengers and running guns up and down the Rio Grande and to ports around the Gulf of Mexico. When the Civil War broke out, they transported cotton and other commodities out of northern Mexico for the Confederacy. After the war, however, Kenedy and King decided to get out of the shipping business and into the grand-scale acquisition of old Spanish land grants. Kenedy bought up approximately one million acres along the Gulf coast between Brownsville and Corpus Christi, while King acquired close to three million acres of interior tracts. Between the two of them, they owned most of Wild Horse Desert.

Mifflin himself was a Quaker, and he remained so all his life. He married, however, a devout Catholic widow, Petra Vela de Vidal — affectionately called “Petrita” — from the Mexican side of the river. She had a son and four daughters by her first marriage. Mifflin and Petrita had six children of their own, four of whom predeceased their parents. The two who survived them were John Gregory, Sr. and Sara Josephine. John Gregory, Sr. married Marie Stella Turcotte from Louisiana. They had two children: John Gregory, Jr. and Sarita (“Little Sara”), named after her aunt.

In the 1880’s Mifflin chose the highest sand dune in the vicinity of Baffin Bay (approximately half way between Brownsville and Corpus Christi) to serve as the site of his ranch headquarters. Actually, the elevation is only 38 feet above sea level. Yet, it is the highest point for miles in any direction – a very important asset during hurricane season. The first house built on the site was a relatively modest wooden structure shaped like a riverboat. The ranch operation grew by leaps and bounds, eventually employing some 200 cowboys plus their families. The sand dune and surrounding area was called “La Parra.”

The Kenedy beach house on Bafflin Bay. Now it is part of Sarita’s bequest to the Oblates and Lebh Shomea.

The Kenedy Ranch became an integral part of the Oblate horseback apostolate. Jean Breteau, OMI – or Padre Juanito as he was affectionately known by the rancheros – had the coastal route at the time. (He is the center person in the photo of the seven mounted Cavalry of Christ members above.) Padre Juanito made a special point to visit the Kenedys and to evangelize their employees on each trip up and down the Gulf coast. Breteau personally signed the official document dedicating the Kenedy family chapel in October 1897. This chapel is still used on Sundays and certain feast days.

Sacred Heart Chapel, the former Kenedy family chapel.

Inside the Sacred Heart Chapel, the former Kenedy family chapel.

The present Casa Grande or “Big House” — a massive multi-story stucco building with a look-out tower and a Gatling gun on top during the 1920’s and 30’s – was built around the time of World War I by Mifflin’s son, John Gregory, Sr., on the same sand dune in the place of the original wooden structure. His wife, Marie Stella Turcotte, who was of French descent developed a special affection for Jean Breteau. She admired greatly his gentle kindness toward all the people on the ranch, regardless of position or social status. She was deeply impressed by his unwavering commitment to putting their spiritual needs ahead of his own comfort and ease, by his straightforward integrity toward everyone, by his willingness to risk his health and even his life for the sake of the gospel.

Marie Stella realized that neither of her children – Johnny, Jr. and Sarita (who married Arthur Lee East) – could have children of their own. Hence, there would be no natural heir to the Kenedy estate after the death of the last one. Consequently, Marie Stella spoke to her daughter about bequeathing their homestead and surrounding acreage to the missionary society to which Padre Juanito belonged. When Sarita Kenedy East died on the feast of Our Lady of Lourdes in 1961, she did in fact will to the Oblates her ranch headquarters with the specification that it be used for some “religious purpose.”

The front of the “Casa Grande” or “Big House” viewed from the east.

Not quite knowing what else to do with the house and property, the administration of the Oblates’ Southern U.S. Province moved their St. Peter’s Novitiate from the Rio Grande Valley to La Parra in December 1961. In the early 1970’s, however, when religious vocations began to dry up all over the western world, the Oblate provincial administration decided to join the other four U.S. Provinces in a central novitiate in Godfrey, Illinois. This decision forced the original question to be posed again: What to do with the inheritance at La Parra? As the Provincial Council deliberated the issue, one of its members suggested: “Why not make it into a House of Prayer?”

Thus, the transition from Novitiate to House of Prayer occurred after the last class of novices made their first vows in the summer of 1973.