Geography

Northeast Region Capitals


Sao Luis

Capital of Maranhão (MA), São Luís is the only Brazilian city founded by the French. It is located on the island of Upaon-Açu, between São Marcos and São José do Ribamar bays, being bathed by the Atlantic Ocean.

It has a population of approximately 1,014,837 million (IBGE 2014), which gives it the attribute of being the most populous city in the state.


Location of the city of São Luís in Maranhão


Location of São Luís city, between São Marcos and São José do Ribamar bays


Aerial view of Sao Luis city

Teresina

Capital of Piauí (PI), Teresina, called "Green City" because it is heavily wooded, is the most populous municipality in the state of Piauí, with an approximate population of 840.6 million inhabitants (IBGE 2014). In addition, it is the only capital of the northeast region that is not by the sea.


Location of the city of Teresina in Piauí

Fortress

Capital of Ceará (CE), Fortaleza, called "Terra da Luz" or "Alencarian Capital" (hometown of writer José de Alencar) is the most populous city in the state, with a population of approximately 2.5 million inhabitants ( IBGE 2014). With great emphasis on tourism, it is considered an important industrial and commercial center of the country. Located on the Atlantic coast, it has 34 km of beaches.


Location of the city of Fortaleza in Ceará State


Praia do Futuro - famous point of the edge of Fortaleza (Ceará)


Cocó Ecological Park, considered one of the largest urban parks in Latin America, is the most important green area of ​​the city.
The Cocó River cuts through the region and is responsible for maintaining mangrove areas.

Christmas

Capital of Rio Grande do Norte (RN), Natal is called the "Space Capital", as it has a base for launching rockets, called the "Hell Barrier." In addition, it is a major tourist center in Brazil, composed with beautiful beaches and huge dunes, it is located on the banks of the Potengi River and has a population of 862 044 thousand inhabitants (IBGE 2014).


Natal city location in the state of Rio Grande do Norte


View of the city of Natal (RN)


Praia do Forte (Reis Magos) - tourist highlight in the city - The fort was built with granite stones brought from Portugal, lime and whale oil. It was the starting point of colonization of the city and served as an American base during World War II. At each end of the star there are still original guns weighing between 400 and 800 kg.


Hell Barrier Entrance. Brazilian Air Force military base for rocket launches. Founded in 1965, it became South America's first air rocket base.

João Pessoa

Capital of Paraíba (PB), João Pessoa or the "Capital of Acacia" as it became known, is an important financial and economic center of the state. In 1992, it was considered the second greenest capital in the world, behind Paris, the capital of France. With an estimated population of approximately 780 thousand inhabitants (IBGE 2014), João Pessoa has the highest Human Development Index (HDI) of Paraíba and provides better conditions and quality of life for the population.


Location of the city of João Pessoa in the state of Paraíba


Ponta do Seixas, the easternmost point of the American continent and the continental part of Brazil.

Recife

Capital of Pernambuco (PE), Recife is known as the "Brazilian Venice" as it is located on an alluvial plain surrounded by rivers and bridges. With an estimated population of 1,608,488 inhabitants (IBGE 2014), Recife is a large commercial and administrative center of the country, which stands out above all for its high Human Development Index (HDI) compared to other states in the region.


Location of the city of Recife in the state of Pernambuco


Partial aerial view of Boa Viagem neighborhood, southern Recife


Porto Digital, in Recife Antigo, is the largest technology park in Brazil.
It is a world reference in software production and one of the pillars of the new economy of the state of Pernambuco.

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Maceio

Capital of the state of Alagoas (AL), Maceió, the "Paradise of Waters" or the "Brazilian Caribbean" as it became known, is the most populous city in the state, with a population of 1,005,319 million inhabitants (IBGE 2014). Considered an important industrial sector in the country, it also stands out in tourism due to its beautiful warm water beach and its traditional festivities.


Location of the city of Maceió in the state of Alagoas


Partial aerial view of the city of Maceió - Ponta Verde Beach


Aerial partial dusk view of Maceió waterfront

Aracaju

Sergipe's capital (SE), Aracaju or the "Cashew City" is located on the Brazilian coast, on the banks of the Sergipe and Poxim River. Economic and political center of the country, has an estimated population of 623.766 thousand inhabitants (IBGE 2014), being considered the least populous city among the capitals of the northeast region.


Location of the city of Aracaju in the state of Sergipe


Partial Aerial View of Aracaju Waterfront


Partial aerial view of Aracaju cityu

Savior

Capital of Bahia (BA), Salvador was the first capital of Brazil. It has been greatly influenced by African culture and has an estimated population of 2,902,927 million (IBGE 2014). It has more than 800 mansions in the historical center of Pelourinho, of Portuguese colonial architecture, standing out for its intense tourist and cultural activity.


Salvador city location in the state of Bahia


Partial aerial view of Salvador city


Photo of the Lacerda Elevator (the world's first urban elevator. On December 8, 1873, when it opened, it was the tallest in the world, about 63 meters high. Located in the city of Salvador, it fulfills the function of public transportation between Praça Cairu, in Cidade Baixa, and Praça Thomé de Souza, in Cidade Alta (today it is one of the main sights and postcard of the city) and Forte de São Marcelo in the background.


Image of Terreiro de Jesus and São Francisco Church in Pelourinho, name of a Salvador neighborhood. It is located in the historic center of the city, in an area that covers only the streets that run from Terreiro de Jesus to Largo do Pelourinho, which has a preserved Portuguese Baroque colonial architectural ensemble and is part of the United Nations Educational Heritage , Science and Culture. The neighborhood is usually affectionately called by the population simply as Pelô. The word "pillory" refers to a stone column, usually located in the center of a square, where criminals were exposed and punished. In Colony Brazil, it was mainly used to punish slaves.