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With this measure Nasser began a process that tried to carry out an Arab nationalism, aiming to strengthen the region against foreign interests, but this measure was limited and did not succeed, essentially due to the dynamics of wars that plagued the region throughout second half of the twentieth century.
Most of the wars were rooted in disputes with the State of Israel that expanded its borders at the expense of territories of Arab countries, in 1948-49 there was a conflict in which Jews annexed vast territories. Then in 1967 (The Six Day War) in which he managed to annex the Sinai Peninsula and the Golan Heights. Other wars shook the region at a rate of at least one per decade, in 1973 the “Yom Kippur” occurred and in the 1980s the Palestinian Intifada. Moreover, conflicts among the Arab peoples themselves, such as the Iran - Iraq War (1980 and 1988), followed by the invasion of Kuwait by the same Iraq in 1990, which ended the US intervention leading to the first Gulf War. (1991).
The mixthat of direct domination, or disguised submission to the interests of foreign powers, the building of borders that did not respect the tradition of the peoples who had inhabited the region for centuries, and the establishment of authoritarian governments, mostly with A very important strong religious component, to ensure political stability that does not jeopardize the flow of oil to the central economies is at the root of the explosions that is increasing every day.
The Arab Spring, which began in Tunisia, is a movement of government-oppressed populations that over the decades has met imperialist interests and maintained a forced silence at the expense of much political oppression and the formation of true police states. States that have never made room for manifestations of social discontent, let alone real channels of political participation for their citizens. By setting fire to his own body, symbolically, the young Tunisian Mohamed Bouazizi not only protested against the seizure of his goods or the lack of life prospects that hit most young people in the Arab world, but demonstrated to the world that this extreme measure was a cry of despair at a much larger reality, in a context in which self - immolation was the only way to make oneself heard, even at the expense of one's life.
Like an already overloaded pressure cooker, this individual attitude has awakened people across the region who have identified with Mohamed Bouazizi's lonely rebellion because they realize that many of their problems have the same roots.
It is at this point, and only here, that the new media were indispensable, because through them the information circulated despite the strict control exerted by the states and allowed the formation of a network of individuals saturated with the oppression endured for so long in their lives. States.
In other historical moments concatenated rebellion movements also swept over oppressive governments, but each of them must be understood within its context, such as the Independence in Spanish America (first half of the nineteenth century), the Spring of the Peoples (1848) and the end of socialism in eastern Europe.
Thus, the rebellions in the Arab world were called the "Arab Spring" because of their concatenated effect, or simply the "domino effect", as they spread like a trail of gunpowder and obviously took their own course in each of the affected countries. . But a cry was (and still is) almost unison in all these movements: "Freedom," which means in practice the end of oppression promoted by governments linked much more to the interests of small elites in the service of foreign capital than to the needs and yearnings of their populations.
Submitted by Leandro Barbosa Gouveia